Monday, December 10, 2012

Cairo Communique - Dec 1, 1943



Below is the text of the Cairo Communique, which serves to transfer title of Taiwan from Japan to China, followed by subsequent communiques and presidential statements relating to the Taiwan question. 

 
CONFIDENTIAL
HOLD FOR RELEASE
PLEASE SAFEGUARD AGAINST PREMATURE RELEASE OR PUBLICATION 

The following communique is for automatic release at 7:30 P.M., E.W.T., on Wednesday, December 1, 1943.

Extraordinary precautions must be taken to hold this communication absolutely confidential and secret until the hour set for automatic release.

No intimation can be given its contents nor shall its contents be the subject of speculation or discussion on the part of anybody receiving it, prior to the hour of release.

Radio commentators and news broadcasters are particularly cautioned not to make the communication the subject of speculation before the hour of release for publication.

STEPHEN EARLY
Secretary to the President 

President Roosevelt, Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and Prime Minister Mr. Churchill, together with their respective military and diplomatic advisers, have completed a conference in North Africa.

The following general statement was issued:

"The several military missions have agreed upon future military operations against Japan. The Three Great Allies expressed their resolve to bring unrelenting pressure against their brutal enemies by sea, land, and air. This pressure is already rising.

"The Three Great Allies are fighting this war to restrain and punish the aggression of Japan. They covet no gain for themselves and have no thought of territorial expansion. It is their purpose that Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of the first World War in 1914, and that all the territories Japan has stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchuria, Formosa, and The Pescadores, shall be restored to the Republic of China. Japan will also be expelled from all other territories which she has taken by violence and greed. The aforesaid three great powers, mindful of the enslavement of the people of Korea, are determined that in due course Korea shall become free and independent.

"With these objects in view the three Allies, in harmony with those of the United Nations at war with Japan, will continue to persevere in the serious and prolonged operations necessary to procure the unconditional surrender of Japan."



1972 Joint communique: "The United States government… reaffirms its interest in a peaceful settlement of the Taiwan question by the Chinese themselves."

1979 US Presidential Statement: "The United States is confident that the people of Taiwan face a peaceful and prosperous future. The United States continues to have an interest in the peaceful resolution of the Taiwan issue and expects that the Taiwan issue will be settled peacefully by the Chinese themselves."

1982 Joint communique: "The United States Government understands and appreciates the Chinese policy of striving for a peaceful resolution of the Taiwan question… Having in mind the foregoing statements of both sides, the United States Government states that it does not seek to carry out a long-term policy of arms sales to Taiwan that its arms sales to Taiwan that its arms sales to Taiwan will not exceed, either in qualitative or in quantitative terms the level of those supplied in recent years…"

1982 Presidential statement: "We attach great significance to the Chinese statement…regarding China's 'fundamental policy' [to strive for the peaceful solution to the Taiwan question], and … our future actions will be conducted with this peaceful policy fully in mind…We have an abiding interest and concern that any resolution be peaceful."

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