Thursday, October 1, 2015

France, Germany, and the United Kingdom. (World Bank Data)

Allow us to examine France, Germany, and the United Kingdom in terms of the following indicators, (1) population, (2) GDP, (3) armed forces personnel totals, (4) land area, (5) life expectancy, and (6) unemployment.

Germany has both the largest total population as well as the largest GDP.
France has both a larger population as well as a larger GDP than does the United Kingdom.
France has the largest city as well as the largest land area.
France has the highest unemployment rate.
Germany has the smallest figure in terms of largest city population.
France has the highest life expectancy as well as the highest armed forces personnel total.
Germany has a higher life expectancy than does the United Kingdom.
Germany has more soldiers in its army than does the United Kingdom.


October 1, 2015. 

Saturday, September 5, 2015

Relative Unemployment, Czech and Slovak Republics.

Relative Unemployment, Czech and Slovak Republics.
By: Donna Welles. 3,9. 2015.
  
Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic peacefully separated in 1993. Now the Slovak Republic is struggling with unemployment whereas the Czech Republic is not. Allow us to understand these nation states by way of the following economic indicators, (1) Population and Land Area, (2) GDP and Unemployment, (3) Bilateral Trade, and (4) Municipalities and Armed Forces pools.
Czech has roughly twice the population of Slovak Republic. In 2000, Czech had 10.3m people while Slovak had 5.4m. In 2014, Czech had 10.5m people, while Slovak had 5.4m. Czech is 77,230 km^2, which is roughly the size of the State of Maine. Slovak is 48,088 km^2, which is half the size of the State of Kentucky.
Czech has roughly twice the GDP of the Slovak Republic. In 2000, Czech's GDP was $62b USD while Slovak's was $29b. Since 2010, Czech's GDP has contracted from $207b to $206b in 2014. Slovak's GDP has expanded since 2010 to $100b from $89b. Slovak unemployment rates have been consistently higher than Czech unemployment rates since at least 2005. In 2005, Slovak rates were 16.2% while Czech's were 7.9%. In 2010, Slovak rates were 14.4% while Czech's were 7.3%. In 2013, Slovak rates were 14.2% while Czech's were 7.0%.
Both countries have positive net trade balances. Slovak exports in 2013 totaled $85b while Slovak imports totaled $81b. Czech exports totaled $162b while Czech imports totaled $143b. Germany serves as both nations' top import partner; including 26% of Czech imports and 16% of Slovak imports. The People's Republic of China is Czech's second top import partner while Czech is Slovak's second top import partner. Germany serves as both nations' top export partner; including 31% of Czech exports and 21% of Slovak exports. Slovak serves as Czech's second top export partner while Czech serves as Slovak's second top export partner.

Prague's population has grown since 2000 to 1.3m people. Bratislava's has contracted from 430,000 in 2000 to 406,000 in 2013. Armed Forces pools in both countries have diminished since 1995. Czech had 92,000 soldiers in 1995 while Slovak had 51,000. In 2013, Czech had 24,100 soldiers while Slovak had 15,850. 

Thursday, August 6, 2015

Unemployment in Ireland, Economic Profile.

Unemployment in Ireland, Economic Profile.
By: Donna Welles. 6,8. 2015.
  
Ireland has an unemployment rate of 13%. Its European neighbors have unemployment rates that dot the spectrum; Norway has 4%, the United Kingdom has 8%, and Spain has 26%. In 2000, Ireland's unemployment rate was 4%. Allow us to examine Ireland's economy in terms of the following indicators, (1) trade balance, (2) trade with the United Kingdom and Germany, and (3) social indicators. In 2014, Ireland's GDP was $246billion USD, up from $99billion in 2000.
                Ireland's exports greatly exceed its imports. The World Bank's WITS database reports that 2014 Irish exports totaled $118billion, whereas its imports totaled $71billion. Of the $118billion in exports, 58% is chemicals, 13% is manufactured goods, 11% is machinery, and 10% is food and live animals. Specifically, pharmaceuticals accounted for $29billion, organic chemicals accounted for $24billion, perfumes and cosmetics accounted for $9billion, and scientific instruments accounted for $6billion. Of the $71billion in imports, 27% is machinery, 21% is chemicals, 13% is manufactured goods, 12% is mineral fuel, and 11% is food and live animals.
                External trade with Germany has fluctuated significantly since 2000, although that with the United Kingdom appears stagnant. Irish exports to Germany have decreased by 13% whereas imports from Germany have increased by 98%. Irish exports to the United Kingdom have increased by 16.6% whereas Irish imports from the United Kingdom have increased by 61%.
In terms of social indicators, Ireland's armed forces personnel totals have dropped to 9,350 servicemen in 2013 from 11,500 in 2000. Dublin has increased in size since 2000 to 1.2million in 2014. Ireland's total population in 2014 was 4.6million and its life expectancy was 81. 

Monday, August 3, 2015

Malaysia, Growth Market for Telecommunications.


Malaysia, Growth Market for Telecommunications.
By: Donna Welles. 30,7. 2015.


Allow us to examine Malaysia as a potential growth market for telecommunications. In terms of its overall economic landscape, Malaysia has a GDP of $327billion USD and a population of 30million. Indonesia has a GDP of $889billion and a population of 253million. Relative growth rates since 2000 show that Indonesia's economy has expanded by 438% whereas Malaysia's has expanded by 249%. Australia's GDP has expanded 250% since 2000.
Social indicators show that people in Malaysia live to be 75 whereas in Indonesia people live to be 71. Australia's life expectancy is more in line with that of Western Democracies, 82years. In terms of armed forces personnel totals, Indonesia has by far the largest reserve totaling 677,000, Malaysia has 134,000 soldiers, and Australia has 57,000.
                In terms of targeted marketing per the telecommunications sector, Malaysia enjoys an internet connectivity rate of 68% whereas less than 18% of Indonesians have access to the internet. Further, external trade indicators show Malaysia to be home higher quality goods than Indonesia. The countries have roughly the same imports and exports ($USD), although Malaysia's total GDP $USD is much smaller. In 2014, Malaysian exports totaled $234billion whereas Indonesia's totaled $176billion. Malaysian imports totaled $209billion whereas Indonesia’s totaled $178billion.
Malaysia's land area is a fifth the size of Indonesia, less than half a million square kilometers. Malaysia’s capital city is Kuala Lumpur, Indonesia’s is Jakarta, and Australia’s is Canberra. 

Friday, July 31, 2015

How do we know Roma are from India? Linguistic Analysis.

How do we know Roma are from India? Linguistic Analysis. 

Linguistically, cultures have similar words.
Some words are older than other words.
Laptop is a new word.
Cow is an old word.

So, cultures who jointly use "Laptop" might not have a shared history.
So, cultures who jointly use "cow" might have a long shared history.

The words jointly shared by Roma and India are words such as "cow". 


31,7. 2015. Welles, Donna E. 

Thursday, July 9, 2015

Spain & Norway, Disparity in Unemployment Rates

Spain & Norway, Disparity in Unemployment Rates
By Donna Welles. 9,7. 2015.


Ancient seafaring nations, Norway and Spain occupy opposite ends of the spectrum in terms of modern Unemployment Rates. In 2014, Norway's unemployment rate was 3.5% whereas that of Spain was 26.1%. Norway is endowed with natural resources including fossil fuels and fishing reserves. Spain still trades with South America and currently holds a seat on the UN Security Council. Allow us to examine these two economies using the following indicators, (1) Population, (2) GDP, (3) Military Personnel, (4) Fertility Rates, (5) Bilateral Trade, and (6) External Trade by Product. Are we able to understand the disparity in 2014 Unemployment Rates?
Spain's population is nine times that of Norway, 46million and 5million. Spain's GDP is less than three times that of Norway. In 2000, the relative GDPs were $595billion and $171billion. In 2010, the relative GDPs were $1.43trillion and $429billion. Spain's economy has since contracted to $1.40trillion while Norway's has expanded to $500billion. What has happened since 2010 so that Spain's economy has contracted while Norway's has expanded?
Spain has a sizable pool in terms of Armed Forces Personnel, according to the World Bank's World Development Indicators Databank. Figures for both nations have declined since 2000, dropping from 241,800 and 27,000 in 2000, 220,000 and 47,000 in 2005, 223,216 and 24,450 in 2010, to 213,950 and 25,800 in 2013. Fertility rates in both nations are low. Spain's in 2013 was 1.3births for every woman and Norway's was 1.9. Norway's was exactly 1.9 in 2000 as well, whereas Spain's has risen slightly from 1.2.
In terms of external trade and in particular exports, Norway exports predominantly to the United Kingdom whereas Spain exports predominantly to France. In 2014, 23% of Norway's exports were purchased by the United Kingdom and 6% were purchased by France. The same year, 16% of Spain's exports were purchased by France and 7% were purchased by the United Kingdom. Norway exported to the United States more than they did to China; to China more than they did Spain; and to Spain more than they did to Russia. Spain exported to the United States more than they did to China; and to China more than they did to Russia.
Finally, 64% of Norway's exports as listed by the World Bank are categorized as Mineral Fuel while 9.5% are categorized as Machinery/Transportation Equipment. Other leading exports for Norway include Food/Live Animals as well as Manufactured Goods. Spain's exports are more evenly distributed, 32% are categorized as Machinery/Transportation Equipment, 16% as Manufactured Goods, 13% as Chemicals, and 12% as Food/Live Animals.
Spain's is not the only European economy to have contracted since 2007 but its Unemployment Rates are by far the worst among its cohort. 

Monday, July 6, 2015

Flow Chart, Modern Commodities Market. IMF Database.

Welles, Donna E.
6,7. 2015.

Flow Chart, Modern Commodities Market. IMF Database.


  I.            Commodities Prices
                   a.            Energy
                                       i.            Crude Oil, Petroleum
                                                       1.            Dubai Fateh, UK Dated Brent, West Texas Intermediary
                                     ii.            Gasoline
                                    iii.            Natural Gas
                                                       1.            Russia, Indonesia, United States
                                   iv.             Coal
                                                       1.            Australian Thermal, South African Thermal
                  b.            Non-Energy
                                       i.            Edibles
                                                       1.            Food
                                                                         a.            Cereals
                                                                                             i.            Wheat, Maize, Sorghum, Rice, Barley
                                                                        b.            Vegetable Oils & Protein Meal
                                                                                             i.            Soybean, Soybean Meal, Soybean Oil, Palm Oil, Palm Kernel Oil, Coconut Oil, Fishmeal, Sunflower, Olive Oil, Groundnuts (Peanuts) Oil, Groundnuts, Linseed Oil
                                                                         c.            Meat
                                                                                             i.            Beef, Lamb, Swine, Poultry
                                                                        d.            Seafood
                                                                                             i.            Fish , Shrimp
                                                                        e.            Sugar
                                                                                             i.            EU, Free Market
                                                                          f.            Fruits
                                                                                             i.            Bananas, Oranges, Copra
                                                       2.            Beverages
                                                                         a.            Coffee
                                                                                             i.            Other Milds, Robusta, Unwash Arabica
                                                                        b.            Tea
                                                       3.            Others
                                                                         a.            Black Pepper, Tobacco, Butter
                                     ii.            Industrial Input
                                                       1.            Agricultural Raw Materials
                                                                         a.            Timber, Harwood (Logs & Sawnwood), Softwood (Logs & Sawnwood), Plywood, Wood pulp, Cotton, Jute, Sisal, Wool (Coarse Wool & Fine Wool), Rubber, Hides
                                                       2.            Metals
                                                                         a.            Gold, Silver, Copper, Aluminum, Iron Ore, Tin, Nickel, Zinc, Lead, Uranium
                                                       3.            Fertilizers
                                                                         a.            DAP (Dai Aluminum Phosphate), Phosphate Rock, Potash, Superphosphate, Urea
                                                       4.            Memorandum Items
                   c.            Memorandum Items


Thursday, July 2, 2015

Iceland and the United Kingdom, Joint Economic Indicators

Iceland and the United Kingdom, Joint Economic Indicators


     Iceland's Foreign Minister, Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson, visited the United States this week. Allow us to examine Iceland's economy in terms of both its overall health as well as its bilateral trading partners.
     Although Iceland's population has grown since 2007, its economy has contracted. The United Kingdom has experienced a similar contraction, although of a smaller magnitude. Both economies have grown overall since 2000. By contrast, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and the Netherlands have experienced economic growth since 2007.
     Since 2000, Iceland's economy expanded 91% to $17billion in 2014. The United Kingdom's economy expanded 90% to $2.9trillion in 2014. Since 2007, Iceland's economy has contracted by 20% whereas the United Kingdom's economy has contracted by 1%. Norway, Sweden, Finland, & the Netherlands grew by 25%, 17%, 6%, and 4% since 2007.
     Populations in each of these nations have grown since both 2000 and 2007. Iceland's population grew 5.1% from 2007 to 327,589 in 2014. The United Kingdom's population grew 5.2% to 65million.
     Bilateral Trade with Iceland exists is two tiers. The United Kingdom and the United States are major trading partners. Total Trade between Iceland and the United Kingdom in 2014 was $890million; Total Trade between Iceland and the United States was $790million.
     A second tier of trading partners exists in the People's Republic of China, France, and the Russian Federation. China traded with Iceland $439million in 2014, France traded $385million in 2014, and Russia traded $249million in 2014. In 2000, China traded $59million, France traded $184million, and Russia traded $54million.

Iceland's Foreign Minister, Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson.
Washington, DC.
1,7. 2015. 


2,7. 2015. By Donna Welles.  

Thursday, June 18, 2015

Zimbabwe, Armed Forces & Inflation.

Zimbabwe, Armed Forces & Inflation
By Donna Welles. 18,6. 2015.


     Zimbabwe enjoys high literacy rates and a dynamic music and comedy scene. It has colonial roots in the United Kingdom; Cecil Rhodes harvested diamonds there. In modern times, the People's Republic of China has invested in Zimbabwe's energy sector. Allow us to examine this South African nation from two perspectives, that of its armed forces and that of its currency.
     Fifteen nations in Sub-Saharan Africa employ more than 25,000 Armed Forces Personnel. Zimbabwe is one of three South African nations included in this group. Angola employs 117,000 troops, South Africa employs 77,150 troops, and Zimbabwe employs 50,800 as of 2013. Notably, eight of the fifteen are located in East Africa. This includes two of the top three, Eritrea and South Sudan. Eritrea employs 201,750 troops and South Sudan employs 185,000. Sudan, located in North Africa, has Sub-Saharan Africa's largest Armed Forces pool at 264,300.
     Zimbabwe's currency today is what has attracted the global media. From 2000-2014, Sub-Saharan nations with the most radical deviation from the $USD are Zimbabwe, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Malawi, and Guinea. Zimbabwe's inflation rating is inestimable, while the other four are tangible figures. Democratic Republic of Congo has deviated from the $USD by 4,138%, Angola by 879%, Malawi by 673%, and Guinea by 301%.
     Nigeria, Africa's largest nation, deviated from the $USD during the same timeframe by 56%. Nations who utilize the Central African Franc as well as the West African Franc deviated from the $USD by -31%. In the global context, Japan's Yen deviated from the $USD by -2% while the Euro by -31%.

Thursday, June 4, 2015

Food Shortages in Venezuela, In Context.


Food Shortages in Venezuela, In Context. 

     Food shortages in Venezuela were reported this week and consumers are said to be faced with limited options when buying groceries or consumer durables.
     Oil production has risen in order to account for the drop in oil prices, and as such measures have been taken to increase capacity in Venezuela's distribution network. Russia has interceded with liquid as well as human capital.
     Leopoldo Lopez, a Harvard-educated political reformer, began a hunger strike and called for Venezuelans across the country to march peacefully through the streets. On May 31, several thousand people successfully turned out to protest the internment of political prisoners.
     Venezuela's economy has shifted away from the $USD in recent decades. Although its GDP and population have grown roughly alongside that of other South American countries, its currency has devalued by almost 800%. In 2000, the exchange rate of Bolivars:USD was .7:1. In 2013, the ratio climbed to 6:1.
     Venezuela is a member of OPEC and it is South America's fifth biggest economy.


[Food Shortages in Venezuela, In Context. 4,6. 2015. Welles.]

Wednesday, May 20, 2015

[(Burundi. Status Report.) 20,5. 2015. Welles.]

[(Burundi. Status Report.) 20,5. 2015. Welles.]

Elections
Parliamentary Elections, June 5.
Presidential Election, June 26.

Failed Coup, Tanzania Peace Talks
Calm, after the storm of the "failed coup".
"Failed Coup" occurred, during Tanzania talks while President Pierre N was out of the country.
President Pierre N, vows no retaliation.
Few of the Coup Leaders, on the run.
Hutus. Tutsis.

Refugee, Mortality Figures
105,000 people have fled.
Casualties, less than 100.

Impasse?
President Pierre N, seems intent on running for reelection.
Are the protesters as intent on ousting him?
(5 year terms, been in office since 2005)

African Union
Unknown, African Union view.
Does the African Union have a position, third term election?
Burundi supplies troops, African Union peacekeeping mission in Somalia.

West Africa, Concept of the Two Term Presidency
There was a bill in West Africa, just got withdrawn.
Would have made it mandatory, ALL presidents in the region limited to two terms.


20,5. 2015.

Welles, Donna E.
Welles, Donna E. 

Saturday, May 16, 2015

Burundi. Status Report. 15,5. 2015. Welles. ((Coup))

Burundi. Status Report. 15,5. 2015. Welles. ((Coup))

President, Pierre Nkurunziza. (Hutu)
Capital, Bujumbura.
100,000 have fled.
President, in office 10 years.
Seeks, 3rd Term.
Court, said 3rd Term constitutional. (Report, under duress.)
Street fighting, control back and forth.
Weapons, increase since machetes. Projectile now, no projectile then.
Hutus, Tutsis.

Impasse, Nature of:

Unknown, will protesters go home if President Pierre N still in office?
Seems unlikely, President Pierre N will relinquish his office.

Questions:
What was outcome, 13 May talks in Tanzania?
What do local African governments think, 3rd Term - President Pierre N?
What is quality of life, Burundi people re President Pierre N regime?
Do protesters, have any demands other than President Pierre N relinquish office?
Are (Hutus Loyalists) or are (Tutsis Loyalists)?
(Right now Hutus are loyalists.)

15,5. 2015.

Welles, Donna E.
Welles, Donna E. 

Thursday, May 14, 2015

[PRC, Algeria. Engagement, 2005-2014. Infrastructure Additions.]


[PRC, Algeria. Engagement, 2005-2014. Infrastructure Additions.]
[PRC, Algeria. Engagement, 2005-2014. Infrastructure Additions. Welles. 14,5. 2015.]

Timeline, 2005-2014. Energy – Real Estate, Aviation.

2005: Agriculture, Unknown Energy Project.

Transportation
Algeria. (Big Projects)
Highways. 2006. ((6.2))
Aviation. 2006.
Rail. 2009. (2.57)
Autos. 2009.
[[2011 Real Estate, Real Estate, Real Estate, Technology, Tourism, Tourism. 2011.]]
[[2012 Real Estate, Real Estate, Real Estate. 2012.]]
Highways. 2012. (1.2)
[[2013 Other, Tourism. 2013.]]
Highways. 2013. (1.18)
[[2014 Real Estate.]]
Aviation. 2014. (890)
No major shipping projects, 2005-2014.

Details, unknown Energy Project. 2005.
2005        May        CNPC        $390                SONATRACH        Energy                Algeria        Arab World
Details, unknown project. 2013.
2013        July        State Construction Engineering        $160        Other                Algeria        Arab World


14,5. 2015.

Welles, Donna E.
Welles, Donna E.


Monday, May 11, 2015

Albania. What is going on? 10,5. 2015. Welles.


Albania. What is going on? 10,5. 2015. Welles. 

Serbia, Albania, Macedonia. (Italy)

Albania, armed to the teeth population.
Albania, economy based on manufacturing. 
Albania, economy a little bigger than Macedonia.
Albania, economy a little more advanced than Macedonia.
Albania, economy per bilateral trade w Italy.

Ethnic, violent Albanians have attempted to move East.
Bigger countries, Serbia & Italy.

Small country invading a smaller country.
Albania invading Macedonia. 
Big brother, Serbia. (Automobile industry.)
Trading partner, Italy.
Albania lies between Italy & Macedonia.
Albania cannot gain territory West, so it moved East.

10, 5. 2015. 

Welles, Donna E. 
Welles, Donna E.

Monday, May 4, 2015

Bilateral Trade. South America. United States, PRC, Japan, Russia. 4,5. 2015. Welles.

I have completed for now my research, bilateral trade in South America.

PRC.
I have found that the PRC is active, 5 biggest economies.
   Brazil, Argentina, Columbia, Chile, and Venezuela.
I have found that the PRC sells to the following countries, but does not buy from them.   
   Bolivia, Paraguay, Peru, Ecuador, Guyana, Suriname.
I have found that the PRC is not active in some of the smaller economies.
   Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana.

Russia.
I have found that Russia has minimal economic impact on South America.
   Russia buys from Ecuador and Paraguay.

Japan.
I have found that Japan is more active in South America.
   Japan sells to Peru, and Suriname.
   Japan buys from Chile, Peru, and Ecuador.

United States.
I have found that the United States is active in each country.
   Gaps in United States coverage, United States does not buy from Uruguay, Peru, or Paraguay.
   Uruguay, Peru, and Paraguay have moderately-sized GDPs.

I have generated the chart below.

Warmly,

Donna Welles
4,5. 2015.

Source: Wikipedia.

Ecuador Export goods. Petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, shrimp, cacao, coffee, wood, fish.
Paraguay Export goods. Soybeans, feed, cotton, meat, edible oils, electricity, wood, leather.


1 Brazil 1903
2 Argentina 947.6
3 Columbia 640.1
4 Chile 409.3
   Japan Buys Only.
5 Venezuela 402.1
6 Peru 368
   PRC Sells Only.
   Japan Buys and Sells.
7 Ecuador 170
   PRC Sells Only.
   Russia Buys Only.
   Japan Buys Only.
8 Uruguay 55.7
9 Paraguay 54.8
   PRC Sells Only.
   Russia Buys Only.
10 Bolivia 30.6
   PRC Sells Only.
11 Trinidad & Tobago 27.1
   No PRC.
12 Suriname 6.7
   PRC Sells Only.
   Japan Sells Only.
13 Guyana 6.1
   PRC Sells Only.
14 French Guiana 3.5
   No PRC.


Russia:
Paraguay, Ecuador
Japan:
Chile, Peru, Ecuador, Suriname

China is NOT:
Trinidad & Tobago, French Guiana.
(Small GDPs)

China is NOT:
Bolivia Exports
Paraguay Exports
Peru Exports
Ecuador Exports
Guyana Exports
Suriname Exports

United States is NOT:
Uruguay Exports
Peru Exports
Paraguay Exports 

Bilateral Trade, Central America. United States, People's Republic of China. 4,5. Welles. 2015.

I have finished for now my research, bilateral trade relationships in Central America.
I have looked at the bilateral trade, the United States and the PRC.
I have found that the United States both buys and sells, to each country.
I have found that the PRC sells to each nation, except Honduras.
I have found that the PRC buys from only Costa Rica and Nicaragua.
Below is the chart I have generated, along with a list of export goods coming from Costa Rica and Nicaragua.
Mexico has oil in the ground, they could conceivably sell this to the PRC moving forward.

Donna Welles
4,5. 2015.

1 Mexico 1287
1 Imports
2 Guatemala 78.4
1 Imports
3 Costa Rica 61.4
2 Export2, Import4.
4 Panama 57
2 Export6, Import2
5 El Salvador 46
1 Imports
6 Nicaragua 19.9
1 Imports
7 Honduras 18.6
8 Belize 1.6
1 Imports

Costa Rica Export Goods
bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar; seafood; electronic components, medical equipment
Panama Export Goods
gold, bananas, shrimp, sugar, iron and steel waste, pineapples, watermelon

Sunday, May 3, 2015

Chart: PRC, Rank in terms of Exports, Imports. List by GDP, Descending. 3,5. 2015. Welles.

I have completed for now my research into the bilateral trade status, South African nations.
I learned that Angola has a lopsided trade relationship with the PRC, as they exchange oil, diamonds for electronics, manufactured goods.
I learned that the PRC is the #1 trading partner for 140 countries globally.
So, I wondered the nature of other bilateral trade arrangements in South Africa, the PRC.

Here is the chart I have generated.
It is in descending order, GDP.
Highlighted in purple, countries where neither the PRC, nor the United States are active.
Highlighted in blue, countries where the United States is active.

My conclusions are as follows:
The PRC ranks higher in terms of Export, Import partner, size of GDP. Direct Relationship.
Zimbabwe is something of an anomaly, but I learned that it is much like Angola.
     Zimbabwe exports gold, platinum.
     Zimbabwe imports consumer goods.
     This explains the PRC role in their bilateral trade relationship.
So, both Angola and Zimbabwe enjoy lopsided bilateral trade relationships with the PRC.
So, Angola is not an isolated case.

Another thing I read is that Chinese wealthy are turning toward silver from gold.
Another thing I read is that India is importing the gold, PRC used to import.

Donna Welles. 
3,5. 2015.

Sources: Wikipedia, Foreign Affairs May/June 2015.

Integrated Chart: PRC, Rank in terms of Exports, Imports. List by GDP, Descending.

1 South Africa 350. 1E, 1I.
2 Angola 130. 1E, 1I.
3 Botswana 34
4 Mozambique 26.7. 3E, 2I.
5 Zambia 24.3. 1E, 3I.
6 Namibia 17.8
7 Madagascar 10.1. 2E, 3I.
8 Zimbabwe 7.3. 1E, 2I.
9 Malawi 3.6. 6E, 1I. 

Levers, PRC employs Globally. 3,5. 2015. Welles.

Levers, PRC employs Globally. 3,5. 2015. Welles.


Liquid Capital
Targeted Bilateral Trade Agreements
     140 countries, PRC is number one trading partner.
     Case Study: Angola.
     Angola to PRC, oil and diamonds.
     PRC to Angola, electronics and manufactured goods.
     Are there 140 examples of these lopsided bilateral trade agreements?
Infrastructure
     Africa, highways. (effective, organic)
     Nicaragua, canal. (ineffective, inorganic)
Military Might
     PLA, affects Russian Federation & India.
     Seems unlikely PLA will invade either RF or India.
Intelligence Network
     Intelligence Network
     Intelligence Network
Guilt, Century of Humiliation


3,5. 2015.

Welles, Donna E.
Welles, Donna E. 

Notes: ("Europe's Shattered Dream of Order". Kratsev, Leonard.) Welles. 3,5. 2015. Foreign Affairs.


Notes: Europe's Shattered Dream of Order. 
How Putin is Disrupting the Atlantic Alliance. 
Ivan Kratsev and Mark Leonard. 
Foreign Affairs. May, June. 2015.   

China per Ukraine:
"natural adjustment of borders" rather than a challenge to international order.

Turkey, India, Indonesia, Brazil did not go along with the US-Europe sanctions against Russia.  

68% of Italians said "they would outright refuse" to fight for their country. 2014. WIN/Gallup International survey.
29, 27, 18. France, Britain, Germany. [Confusing Poll]  

Role of Azerbaijan.
2010 Parliamentary Elections.  

Problem I have with Article, Logic:   

Says, we must keep sanctions.
If we do not keep sanctions, then we recognize RF in Ukraine.
If we do not keep sanctions, it would be like saying it's fine for the USSR to occupy the Baltic States.

Who are these authors?   

Vienna, Institute for Human Sciences
European Council of Foreign Relations  

3,5. 2015.   

Welles, Donna E. 
Welles, Donna E. 

Thursday, April 30, 2015

Assess: Goings on in (South)East Asia. "Sex Slaves and Abe's Speech." 30,4. Welles.


Assess: Goings on in (South)East Asia. "Sex Slaves and Abe's Speech." 30,4. Welles.

Historical Context: 

Japan, South Korea are historic allies.
PRC, North Korea are historic allies.

Applied to Current Events, Abe's Speech:

Right now (South Korea and the PRC), critiquing (Japan PM in United States) in tandem.
About what? Sex Slaves.

Sometimes men and women like to talk about Sex Slaves.
Sometimes men and women should talk about women CURRENTLY being used as Sex Slaves.
Missed opportunity, PRC and South Korean media COULD be talking about modern Human Trafficking Issues.
These largely re, South East Asia. ASEAN.
ASEAN diaspora in Washington, DC is talking about modern Human Trafficking issues. 

So, when do the PRC and South Korea work in tandem?
So, when do the PRC and Japan work in tandem?
So, when do Japan and South Korea work in tandem?

Much if this is elusive to even the most perceptive of western analysts.

What we can do, is watch our own fiscal responsibilities.
I would suggest more bilateral trade agreements, targeted for organic supply/demand.
I would suggest that the Ex-Im bank is why we don't need endless regional trade agreements.

In summary: 

Japan and the PRC seem to work together when American liquid capital flows East.
Japan and South Korea seem to work together when American liquid capital flows East.
PRC and South Korea seem to work together when American liquid capital flows East.
I would like more Asian media coverage of modern human trafficking issues.


30,4. 2015. 

Welles, Donna E. 
Welles, Donna E.